Orani is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Bataan, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 52,501 people in 10,810 households. The current mayor is Benjamin Serrano and Tonton Bernales is the Vice Mayor.
The municipality of Orani is located 115 kilometers northwest of Manila and is bounded on the north by Hermosa, on the south by Samal, on the west by Dinalupihan and on the east by Manila Bay. It has a total land area of 5,926.00 hectares covering 29 barangays. About 1,231 hectares are used for agriculture, 1,943.86 hectares are forestland, 971.93 hectares are forest reservation and 1,295.91 hectares are reserved for the National Park. The rest are classified as wetland.
Palay, coffee, vegetables, peanut, citrus trees and fruit trees are the major produce. Cutflowers like aster, chrysanthemum and gerbera are locally cultivated while bamboo and jungle vines can be gathered from Orani's rich forestlands. Aquamarine resources like milkfish, tilapia, prawn, crabs, mussels and oysters are caught in Orani's rich fishing grounds and fishponds.
It has a total population of 48,568 (1995 National Census), where 62% of the working age group (16-60) are employed.
One day, a Spaniard, while walking and surveying a thick forest, passed by a native who was cutting a big tree. The Spaniard asked the native about the name of the tree and the reply was "narra". The Spaniard mistook the reply as "no ira" which meant "unselfish". The Spaniard then rearranged the letters from these words till it finally came out as "Orani", which thenceforth became the official name of the town.
The town and the church of Orani became an independent missionary center in 1714. The Dominican friars built the church and became their quarters in Bataan since then. The place grew into a little prosperous town until it was nearly brought down the ground during the earthquake of September 16, 1852. Important studies shows that the church and the municipal government building were also destroyed. They were rebuilt till 1891 when Orani again resumed its slow march for growth. This growth was checked again by the great fire of March 16, 1938, which almost burned three-fourths of the whole town, including schools, the church and the town hall. Reconstruction began, but before they could finish, World War II broke out and once again the town suffered tremendous destruction. After the war, the people of Orani are once again building their town.
Utilities and Amenities
Digitel and Bataan Telephone Exchange (Battlex) provide telephone services to residents of Orani. A telegraph and telex office is managed by the Bureau of Telecommunications. Aside from the Philippine Postal Corporation which provides postal services, the town also has a private courier and Internet service provider. A cable television station, Clear Vision Cable TV Company, also operates in the area.
Ninety-nine percent (99%) of the households and commercial establishments are serviced by the PENELCO for their power needs. There is adequate potable water supply provided by the Orani Water District. There are areas with free flows, shallow and deep wells.
Mt. Natib, which rises at an elevation of 4,110 feet above sea level, is a natural tourist spot located at the heart of Orani. It offers mountain climbers and nature lovers not only a pleasantly cool mountain air but also a luxuriant growth including some rare plants and wildlife thriving in the area. A trail shelter is available for overnight trekkers.
Most industries existing in Orani are agriculture-based such as rice and coffee production, food processing, cutflower production, and aquaculture of milkfish, tilapia, crab and prawns. Prawn processing has become a major dollar earner for the municipality. Garments manufacturing and metal and iron works also proliferate in the area.
Now, Orani is a progressive municipality. Rising from the ashes during the 1930s, it now hosts a lot of establishments and facilities for tourism and trade and industry. The most-awaited event in Orani is the feast day of Sto. Rosario, the patron saint of the town, every second Sunday of October. People from different towns flock to Orani to hear mass and buy "puto seko" or fresh "duman" from animated vendors that crowd near the church area or around the town plaza. One of the major plans of the Provincial Government is the realization of the Tala Eco-Tourism Project, a potential site for eco-tourism in Orani.